This elm was relatively rare until the 17th and 18th centuries when it was planted extensively by landowners along hedges that surrounded farmland. The leaves
are 6-9 cm long with a rough upper surface, and hairy underside.
Selected for their shade cover, genetic variation was reduced making the species especially vulnerable to Dutch elm disease. After the disease reached Britain in 1967, more than 12
million English elms perished. Mature English elms can grow to 36m and have narrow crowns.
If you are worried about Dutch elm disease, click here.